Forex for a trader
How to use relative strength index in forex

How to use relative strength index in forexHow to Use RSI (Relative Strength Index) Relative Strength Index , or RSI, is a popular indicator developed by a technical analyst named J. Welles Wilder. RSI is similar to the stochastic in that it identifies overbought and oversold conditions in the market. Typically, readings below 30 indicate oversold market conditions. Readings over 70 indicate overbought conditions. How to Trade Using RSI. RSI can be used just like the stochastic. We can use it to pick potential tops and bottoms depending on whether the market is overbought or oversold. Below is a 4-hour chart of EURUSD. EURUSD had been dropping the week, falling about 400 pips over the course of two weeks. However, RSI dropped below 30, signaling that there might be no more sellers left in the market and that the move could be over. Price then reversed and headed back up over the next couple of weeks. Determining the Trend using RSI. If you think a trend is forming, take a quick look at the RSI and look at whether it is above or below 50. If you are looking at a possible UPTREND, then make sure the RSI is above 50 . If you are looking at a possible DOWNTREND, then make sure the RSI is below 50 . In the beginning of the chart above, we can see that a possible downtrend was forming. To avoid fakeouts, we can wait for RSI to cross below 50 to confirm our trend.

Sure enough, as RSI passes below 50, it is a good confirmation that a downtrend has actually formed. RSI Strategy – How to Use the RSI in Forex Trading. This is the second article in our RSI series. If you haven’t already we suggest that your check out the first article about the RSI Indicator. In that article, we covered the background of the “Relative Strength Index”, or “RSI”, indicator, how it is calculated, and how it looks on a chart. The RSI measures the relative changes that occur between higher and lower closing prices. Traders use the index to determine overbought and oversold conditions, valuable information when setting entry and exit levels in the forex market. The RSI is classified as an “oscillator” since the resulting curve fluctuates between values of zero and 100. The RSI indicator typically has lines drawn at both the “30” and “70” values as warning signals. Values exceeding “85” are interpreted as a strong overbought condition, or “selling” signal, and if the curve dips below “15”, a strong oversold condition, or “buying” signal, is generated. How to Read a RSI Chart. The RSI with a period setting of “8” is presented on the bottom portion of the above “30 Minute” chart for the “GBPUSD” currency pair. In the example above, the “blue” line is the RSI, while the “red” line, added as an additional option on the “Metatrader 4” platform, represents an exponential moving average for eight periods. RSI values below 30 and over 70 are worthy of attention. The key points of reference are highpoints and lowpoints, especially when respective values cross 15 or 85. The “RSI Rollercoaster” tends to work better for longer timeframes, i. e., daily, but shorter periods can be accommodated as shown here. The RSI attempts to convey pricing momentum, but sideways action in the market can confuse.

In the above chart, four overbought and four oversold conditions are evident by virtue of the various “limit” crossovers. As with any technical indicator, an RSI chart will never be 100% correct. False signals can occur, but the positive signals are consistent enough to give a forex trader an “edge”. Skill in interpreting and understanding RSI signals must be developed over time, and complementing the RSI tool with another indicator is always recommended for further confirmation of potential trend changes. In the next article on the RSI indicator, we will put all of this information together to illustrate a simple trading system using this RSI oscillator. Risk Statement: Trading Foreign Exchange on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could lose more than your initial deposit. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. How to Trade with RSI in the FX Market. by James Stanley , Currency Strategist. Price action and Macro. Your Forecast Is Headed to Your Inbox. But don't just read our analysis - put it to the rest. Your forecast comes with a free demo account from our provider, IG, so you can try out trading with zero risk. Your demo is preloaded with ?10,000 virtual funds , which you can use to trade over 10,000 live global markets.

We'll email you login details shortly. You are subscribed to James Stanley. You can manage you subscriptions by following the link in the footer of each email you will receive. An error occurred submitting your form. Please try again later. As traders further their education of Technical Analysis, they will often begin a journey on the path of indicators. On this path are many indicators, with many functions, uses and goals. Some indicators may seem to work better than others depending on the trader’s goals; leading to the rampant popularity of many of the most popular indicators. However, something that must be made clear: A wise trader once told me that indicators are just a form of a ‘fancy’ moving average. Sure enough, indicators use past price movements to build their indicator value; much like a moving average. And since past prices can’t predict future price movements, what can a convoluted interpretation of those past movements (such as that of an indicator) do for a trader? Well, while indicators will never be perfectly predictive of future price movements – they can certainly help traders build an approach based on probabilities in an effort to get what they want out of the market.

In this article, we are going to discuss one of the more popular indicators in Technical Analysis: RSI, or the Relative Strength Index. What Goes into RSI? The Relative Strength Index is going to measure price changes over the past X periods (with X being the input that you can enter into the indicator.) If you set RSI of 5 periods, it will measure the strength of this candles price movement against the previous 4 (for a total of the last 5 periods). If you use RSI at 55 periods, you will be measuring this candles strength or weakness to the last 54 periods. The more periods you use, the ‘slower’ the indicator will appear to react to recent price changes. The picture below will show 2 RSI indicators: The top RSI is set with 5 periods, and the bottom at 55 periods. Notice how much more erratic the 5 periods RSI is compared to the 55 periods. This is because the indicator is changing so much faster due to the fewer inputs used to calculate its value. RSI of 55 periods (on bottom in blue) and RSI of 5 periods (above in red) What can RSI tell us? As an oscillator, RSI will read a value between one and 100, and will tell us how strong or weak price has been over the observed number of periods. If RSI is reading below 30, traders will often construe that to mean that price action has been weak, and the asset being charted may be ‘oversold.’ If RSI is reading above 70, then price action has been strong, and price may potentially be over-bought. Created by James Stanley. Basic Usage of RSI. Because the indicator can show potentially over-bought or over-sold conditions, traders will often take this a step further to look for potential price reversals. The most basic usage of RSI is looking to buy when price crosses up and over the 30 level, with the thought that price may be moving out of oversold territory with buying strength as price was previously taken too low. The picture below will illustrate further: Created by James Stanley.

Pit-falls of Trading with RSI. Inherently, the Relative Strength Index presents a flaw to traders attempting to employ the basic usage of the indicator. RSI, by its nature, looks for reversals in price. By buying when RSI crosses above 30 or ‘over-sold,’ traders are buying a market that has already been going down; inherently a counter-trend trade. And if a trader is selling as RSI crosses below 70, the market has been going up enough to be ‘over-bought’ and the trader is initiating a sell position. If the market is ranging, this can be a desirable trait in an indicator, as traders can often look to initiate entries in a range with RSI. However, if the market is ranging, the results can be unfavorable as price continues moving in the trending direction, leaving traders that had opened trades in the opposite direction in a compromised position. The picture below will illustrate this situation further: Created by James Stanley. As you can see in the above graphic, price was trending up very heavily when four different RSI sell triggers occurred (all circled in red). Despite the fact that these sell triggers took place, price continued trending higher. If traders had opened short positions with these triggers, they would be in the precarious position of managing a losing trade. Perhaps more troubling is the fact that some traders may not be using stops on their trading positions, and the trader looking to sell an over-bought market because RSI had moved below 70, may find significant trading losses as the strength that originally caused the indicator to read above 70 continues to carry prices higher. When trading with RSI, risk management is of the upmost importance – as trends can develop from ranges, and prices can move against the trader for an extended period of time. In our next article, we’ll look at how traders can attempt to off-set this pitfall of RSI when trading in trend strategies.

--- Written by James B. Stanley. You can follow James on Twitter @JStanleyFX. To join James Stanley’s distribution list, please click here. DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets. Forex Chart patterns used to analyze price charts can be used on the Relative Strength Index (RSI) Forex Trend line breaks of RSI can predict important turning points in a currency pair. Forex Trend line breaks of RSI are an easy and systematic way to enter and exit the market. Traditionally, traders have relied on the Relative Strength Index (RSI) to measure the strength of a currency pair by tracking the changes in its closing price. They look to get long a currency pair as RSI moves above the horizontal 30 reference line. On the other hand, traders look to sell a currency pair after RSI moves above the horizontal 70 reference line and back below it. Learn Forex: T raditional RSI Signals. (Created using FXCM’s Marketscope 2.0 charts) In the example above, a trader would look to enter long GBPUSD when RSI moved below the 30 horizontal reference line and then moved back above. GBPUSD moved strongly until RSI moved above 70 and fell back below generating a sell signals. However, an overlooked method of using RSI is the use of trendlines directly on the oscillator itself in much the same way that they are used on price charts. Connecting rising swing lows in an uptrend or lower swing highs in a downtrend, traders can find excellent trading opportunities with strong risk to reward setups.

Because RSI measures the surge in closing prices, when RSI changes direction and either breaks above or below a trend line, a significant move in price can result. Learn Forex: Using RSI Trendline Breaks to Enter and Exit Trades. (Created using FXCM’s Marketscope 2.0 charts) Trendlines placed on this oscillator provide an additional level of precision as well as additional trade setups. Because the signals are leading rather than lagging, stops can be placed relatively close to the entry point. This allows for a good risk to reward trading opportunity. In the above chart of the very same GBPUSD 4-hour chart used in the previous example, trendline breaks identified several more setups. The use of the trendline provided additional visual confirmation that a trade opportunity was near. The use of trendline breaks also gave buy and sell signals a few candles before the actual move. RSI trend lines can be used on any chart time frame from as large as monthly and weekly to as small as 15-minute and 5-minute time frames. Traders can benefit from using RSI trendline breaks in their trading to find more timely entries with better precision. --- Written by Gregory McLeod, Trading Instructor. To contact Gregory McLeod, email [email protected]

com . Follow me on Twitter @gregmcleodtradr . This piece provided you with a new method of using RSI and trend lines to provide good reward to risk setups . Learn more about controlling your risk and maximizing profit by clicking here . It is free and will take about 20 minutes to complete. DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets. Learn forex trading with a free practice account and trading charts from FXCM. How do I use the relative strength index to create a forex trading strategy? The relative strength index (RSI) is most commonly used to indicate temporary overbought or oversold conditions in a market. An intraday forex trading strategy can be devised to take advantage of indications from the RSI that a market is overextended and therefore likely to retrace. The RSI is a widely used technical indicator and an oscillator that indicates a market is overbought when the RSI value is over 70 and indicates oversold conditions when RSI readings are under 30. Some traders and analysts prefer to use the more extreme readings of 80 and 20. A weakness of the RSI is that sudden, sharp price movements can cause it to spike repeatedly up or down, and, thus, it is prone to giving false signals. Also, it is not uncommon for price to continue to extend well beyond the point where the RSI first indicates the market as being overbought or oversold. For this reason, a trading strategy using the RSI works best when supplemented with other technical indicators. Here are some steps to implementing an intraday forex trading strategy that employs the RSI and at least one additional confirming indicator: Monitor the RSI for readings indicating the market is overbought or oversold. Consult other momentum or trend indicators for confirming signs of an impending retracement.

For example, if the RSI shows oversold readings, a retracement to the upside is anticipated. Only initiate a trade looking to profit from a retracement if one these additional conditions is met: The moving average convergence divergence (MACD) has shown divergence from price (for example, if price has made a new low, but the MACD has not and has turned from a downslope to an upslope). The average directional index (ADX) has turned in the direction of a possible retracement. If the above conditions are met, then initiate the trade with a stop-loss order just beyond the recent low or high price, depending on whether the trade is a buy trade or sell trade, respectively. The initial profit target can be the nearest identified supportresistance level. 3 Trading Tips for RSI. by DailyFX , Research. Your Forecast Is Headed to Your Inbox. But don't just read our analysis - put it to the rest. Your forecast comes with a free demo account from our provider, IG, so you can try out trading with zero risk. Your demo is preloaded with ?10,000 virtual funds , which you can use to trade over 10,000 live global markets. We'll email you login details shortly. You are subscribed to DailyFX. You can manage you subscriptions by following the link in the footer of each email you will receive. An error occurred submitting your form.

Please try again later. Using the RSI indicator – key things you need to know: In a d owntrend, RSI ca n r emain o versold. Use the c enter line to d etermine m arket d irection RSI s ettings c an be a djusted for m ore or l ess o scillation. What is RSI (Relative Strength Index)? RSI (Relative Strength Index) is counted among trading’s most popular indicators. This is for good reason, because as a member of the oscillator family, RSI can help us determine the trend, time entries, and more. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) was developed by J. Welles Wilder to measure the speed and change of price movements. RSI oscillates and is bound between zero and 100. There are many different uses for RSI and by far the most popular is trading overbought and oversold crossovers. To help become better acquainted with the RSI indicator and the different settings, we will review three uncommon tips for trading with RSI. Think beyond the crossovers. When traders first learn about RSI and other oscillators, they tend to gravitate to overbought and oversold values.

While these are intuitive points to enter in the market on retracements, this can be counterproductive in strong trending environments. RSI is considered a momentum oscillator, and this means extended trends can keep RSI overbought or oversold for long periods of time. The below image is a prime example using RSI on a EURUSD 8 h our chart. Even though RSI dropped below a reading of 30 price continued to decline as much as 300 pips . . This could have spelled trouble for traders looking to buy on a RSI crossover from over sold values. Instead consider the alternative and look to sell the market when RSI is oversold in a downtrend, and buying when RSI is overbought in an uptrend. Watch the center line. All oscillators have a center line and more often than not, they become a forgotten backdrop compared to the indicator itself. RSI is no different , with a center line found in the middle of the range at a reading of 50. Technical forex traders use the center line to show shifts in the trend.

If RSI is above 50, momentum is considered up and traders can look for opportunities to buy the market. A drop below 50 would indicate the development of a new bearish market trend. In the graph below you can again see our EURUSD example using an 8 hour chart. Notice that when price pushed upward, RSI remained above 50. Even at times, the center line acted as indicator support as RSI failed to break below this value in the middle of April prior to the creation of a nother high . However, as momentum shifted, RSI dropped below 50 indicating a bearish reversal. Knowing this, traders could conclude any existing long positions, or look for order entries with prices new direction. Check your parameters. RSI like many other oscillators is defaulted to a 14 period setting. This means the indicator looks back 14 bars on whatever graph you may be viewing, to create its reading. Even though 14 is the defaulted setting that may not make it the best setting for your trading. Normally short - term traders use a smaller period, such as a nine period RSI, to replicate shorter term movements in the market. . L onger - term traders may opt for a higher period, such as a 25 period RSI , for another indicator line.

In our final comparison, you can see in the graph below a nine period RSI line side by side with a 25 period RSI line. While there may not seem like much difference at first glance, pay close attention to the center line along with crossovers of the 70 and 30 values. The RSI nine at the top of the graph has considerably more oscillation compared to its RSI 25 counterpart. RELATIVE STRENGTH INDEX FAQS. What are other useful tools to use with the Relative Strength Index (RSI)? As the name implies, RSI is simply measuring relative strength of the underlying market. When using RSI to identify reversals it is important to incorporate other tools like candlestick analysis or trend line analysis. For example, if you find are reading a reversal candlestick near a trend line while RSI is diverging, then you have a trading signal being generated. What markets can RSI be applied to? Since RSI measures the relative strength of the underlying market, it is a technical tool that can be applied to nearly any market. However, it is commonly applied to the more liquid and larger markets like forex, stocks, and commodities. Follow our three steps to buying the dip or selling the rally to bring more an edge to your strategy. Interested in learning more about f orex trading and strategy development?

We developed a new to forex guide to help you get started. If you are more experienced, make sure to read our Traits of Successful Traders research on a big mistake traders make and why they lose money. Lastly, s ignup for a series of free Advanced Trading guides , to help you get up to speed on a variety of trading topics. You might also be interested in…. DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets. Detailed Explanation of RSI. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is the most famous oscillator of them all. There is virtually no trader, whether a Forex trader or any other kind of trader in this world, who hasn’t heard about the RSI and its use in trading financial products. So many theories have been written based on how the RSI works, and so many other oscillators have been built based on its structure, that out of all the oscillators to be found, most of them show the same thing as the RSI. Therefore, whenever taking your entries and exits based on an oscillator, consider that it is like trading with the RSI. After all, all oscillators show the same thing: buying or selling in oversold or overbought areas. The Relative Strength Index is an oscillator, and therefore will appear at the bottom of the chart it is attached to. To apply the RSI to any chart, just select the currency pair you want to attach the RSI to, and the timeframe, and then simply go on the InsertIndicatorsOscillators tab and choose the RSI. This is valid for MetaTrader 4, as our whole Forex Trading Academy project is based on this trading platform. From the oscillators list you can see on the chart above, we’ve discussed a few here on our project, but keep in mind one thing: There is none more important than the RSI. If a trader understands how the RSI travels and how to interpret it, then simply applying the same principle to other oscillators will have the same result. By selecting the oscillator from the image above, a pop-up window in the middle of the screen appears, and traders can choose the set-ups they want for the RSI, such as the colour and size of the line, and the period the oscillator will take into account; and one can even modify the levels the RSI will travel between.

This can be done for any oscillator, so nothing new so far. It is recommended to keep to the 14 periods, the default one, as if the period is increased, the RSI line will flatten, while if the RSI period is decreased, the oscillator swings will be more aggressive and interpretation will be difficult. This doesn’t mean that the trader cannot play with the levels and the period in any way heshe wants, of course. Top Rated And Most Trusted Forex Brokers In 2018. Ways to Trade with the RSI. Before moving on to how to actually trade with the Relative Strength Index, one needs to understand what the oscillator shows, and what its standard interpretation is. The image below shows the oscillator applied on the 4-hour EURUSD chart, and using the default settings offered by the broker, the 30 and 70 levels are predefined. These are the levels where price is considered to be overbought (above 70) and oversold (below 30). If you refer to the DeMarker indicator presented here on our Forex Trading Academy project, you’ll see that the similarities are remarkable, as DeMarker uses the 0.3 and 0.7 levels to define overbought and oversold areas. On the same line, the RSI travels between zero and 100, and it is impossible at any one time to have negative values, or values above the 100 level. No matter how aggressive a move may be, those levels cannot be broken. The following are three ways to trade using the RSI oscillator, and all of them are important for a trader, based on the trading style and the timeframe the oscillator is applied to. There’s no one approach that is more effective than any other; there’s only one trader who pays more attention to detail than any others. Trading Bullish and Bearish Divergences with the RSI. The classical interpretation of the RSI oscillator is, as mentioned multiple times in this article, to sell in overbought areas and buy in oversold areas.

This is valid for all oscillators, and I’m not going to persist anymore on this subject. This now works 100% of the time though, as when the market breaks out of an important consolidation area, or when a surprising economic news item is released, these areas are the ones where price is accelerating, not slowing down. These are the areas where market participants are getting caught on the wrong side of the market, and where margin calls are being triggered. To avoid such a thing and to bring in a little help from the technical analysis field, divergences between price and oscillator can be used. Divergences can be either bullish or bearish, and traders look for them to form in these areas. A divergence forms when the price makes two highslows, for example, and the oscillator does not confirm the second high. Ideally, for the signal to be strong, at least one of the two highslows should appear in the overboughtoversold area. A bullish divergence will have a bearish trendline on the actual price chart and a rising one in the oscillator window. The opposite is true for a bearish divergence, with a rising trendline in the oscillator chart window, and a falling one on the actual price chart. I’m not going to give examples of divergences with the RSI here, as they are simply similar to the ones described in the article dedicated to the DeMarker oscillator here on the Forex Trading Academy. The purpose here is not to repeat things, but to explain them in such a way that they are properly understood. Use the 50 Level as a Continuation Pattern.

Another way to trade Forex with the RSI oscillator is to actually use the 50 level as a continuation pattern. This means that if the oscillator is falling from the overbought area, by the time it crosses the 50 level it should be a continuation signal for more downside. The opposite is true as well, with the 50 level being a nice place to go long when the oscillator travels from the oversold area and breaks the 50 level to the upside. In order to see that on the actual oscillator window, the indicator needs to be edited and the 50 level added. To do that, just right-click anywhere on the chart, select the RSI from the Indicators list, and under the Levels tab, you can enter the desired value. These are just a few examples of how to actually use the RSI oscillator when trading, but one should keep in mind that there are numerous trading techniques based on it. After all, there is no other oscillator so popular and famous as the RSI, so it is no wonder traders use it so much in their research. Forex Training Group. The RSI indicator is a technical trading tool that falls within the oscillator family. The RSI indicator is considered a leading indicator, which means that its signals typically come prior to a price event on the chart. The positive side of this is that we are able to attain early signals for our trades, but the downside is that many of these signals can be false or premature.

Therefore, the RSI should always be used in a combination with another Forex trading tool or technique for confirmation. In this lesson, we will dissect the RSI indictor and give some best practices for trading with it. Structure of the RSI Indicator. The RSI indicator was developed by an American mechanical engineer named J. Welles Wilder. The indicator usually attaches to the bottom of your chart in a separated horizontal window. The Relative Strength Index technical indicator consists of a single line, which fluctuates between 0-100 area. The area is separated based on three primary zones: 0-30: Oversold Area. 30-70: Neutral Area. 70-100: Overbought Area. The RSI line moves in and out of these three areas creating different signals on the chart.

RSI Line Calculation. The default RSI setting is typically 14 period. Now let’s dissect the RSI calculation a bit further: First, let’s take a look at the RSI formula taking the 14-period setting: RSI = (100 – (100 (1 + RS))) RS stands for Relative Strength in the formula above. This calculation looks pretty straightforward, but we also need to calculate the value of the Relative Strength (RS). This is how you calculate the RS variable: RS = (14 EMA on the last 14 up bars) (14 EMA on the last 14 down bars) After you determine the value of the RS, you can apply the result in the first formula. This will give you the current RSI value. It works the same time if you change the periods the RSI takes into consideration. If you change the settings to a 20-period RSI, then the second formula will look like this: RS = (20 EMA on the last 20 up bars) (20 EMA on the last 20 down bars) Then you add the result to the first formula for determining the RSI value. RSI Oscillator Signals. There are three basic signals provided by the Relative Strength Index technical indicator. Since it is a leading indicator, the signals can typically come prior to the actual price move happening on the chart, depending on what information you use to enter the trade. RSI Overbought Condition. The first signal we will discuss is the overbought signal. The RSI Indicator gives a signal for an overbought condition when the RSI line enters the 70-100 area. RSI Oversold Condition. The oversold RSI signal appears when the RSI line enters the 30-0 area.

When the RSI is oversold, it implies that the price is likely to increase. RSI Divergence Signal. RSI Divergence is the last signal we will discuss. As with some other indicators, such as MACD and Stochastics, the Relative Strength Index Indicator can diverge from the overall price action which can provide clues into potential reversals in the market. Bullish RSI Divergence – Price action is decreasing while the RSI line is increasing; this is a strong bullish signal on the chart. Bearish RSI Divergence – Price action is increasing, while the RSI line is decreasing; this is a strong bearish signal on the chart. Metatrader RSI Indicator. The RSI Indicator is built in many trading platforms including the most widely used forex trading platform – MetaTrader 4. You can find the indicator by clicking on Insert > Indicators > Oscillators > Relative Strength Index. The RSI tool then appears automatically at the bottom of your chart in its default 14-period RSI setting. RSI Analysis in Forex.

RSI Analysis in Forex consists mainly of recognizing the signals described above. We will now illustrate each of the signals so you will get a better sense of how to analyze your chart using RSI. The image above shows how a RSI Overbought signal may appear. The RSI line breaks into the 70-100 area first. This creates the overbought signal. The price then moves out of the overbought zone creating the actual sell signal on the chart. As you see, the price decreases afterwards. And this is the Oversold RSI signal. The RSI line decreases and enters the 30-0 area creating the signal. The buy indication appears when the RSI line breaks the oversold zone upwards and enters the neutral zone between 30 and 70. As you see, the price action increases afterwards. This time we will describe the bullish RSI divergence. The blue line on the price chart indicates that the price action is creating lower bottoms, while the RSI line is increasing. This shows that there is a bullish divergence between the price action and the RSI indicator, meaning that the price of this pair is likely due for an increase.

As you can see, this is exactly what happens. The bearish divergence acts the same way, but in the opposite direction – price action tops are increasing and the RSI tops are decreasing. RSI Forex Trading Strategy. We will now switch gears and discuss some strategy building ideas with the RSI indicator. We will use the signals described above to set entry and exit points on the chart using the basic RSI rules. To enter a RSI trade, you need to see a signal from the RSI indicator. This could be either overbought or oversold RSI, or a RSI divergence pattern. If you are entering on an overboughtoversold signal, then you would buysell the currency pair when the price action exits the respective threshold on the RSI indicator. If you are trading a divergence with the RSI indicator, then you would enter a trade in the direction of the RSI, after the price action closes two or three candles in a row in the direction of your intended trade. As we mentioned earlier, the RSI indicator can give many false or premature signals if used as a standalone tool. Even when combining it with other confirming studies, it is necessary to use a stop loss to protect losses on our trade.

The optimal place for your stop loss order is beyond a recent swing top or bottom, created at the time of the reversal you are trading. The basic RSI rule states that you should hold your trade until getting an opposite signal from the RSI indicator. Again, this could be an overbought or oversold signal, as well as bullish or bearish RSI divergence. But in the practical sense, it makes sense to take your partial or full profits out earlier using other price action based rules or a trailing stop loss. RSI Trading System Example. Let take a look at how a basic RSI trading strategy with the rules we discussed earlier could work. You are looking at the daily USDJPY Forex chart. The image shows you a trade entry and exit based solely on signals coming from the Relative Strength Index indicator. The chart starts with a price decrease which is also confirmed by the bearish direction of the RSI line. Suddenly, the RSI line enters the 30-0 area, creating an oversold signal. Shortly afterwards, the RSI line starts increasing, while the price action continues its downward movement. This creates a bullish divergence between the price action and the Relative Strength Index.

Your first thought might be that you should open a long trade at the moment when the RSI line breaks the oversold zone upwards. However, during this time, you identify the bullish divergence, meaning that it might be better to wait for two or three bullish candles in a row as the actual entry signal. This happens, creating a long signal on the chart, meaning that you could buy the USDJPY Forex pair on the assumption that the price action is currently reversing. You should place a stop loss order right below the bottom created at the moment of the reversal. This is shown with the red horizontal line on the chart. The price action increases afterwards and enters a bullish trend. The RSI line increases as well. The trade could be held at least until the RSI indicator reaches the 50 mark, at which point you could close a portion of your position. Alternatively, you could decide to use some other price action clues that provide sufficient evidence to close the trade. But absent that, it would be wise to exit the trade in full when RSI reaches the overbought threshold of 70. The red circle on the chart shows the moment when the RSI indicator enters the overbought area, creating a close signal. Price Action Trading and RSI. Using the RSI indicator in isolation will not likely create a profitable trading strategy over the long run. As with most other leading indicators, the Relative Strength Index can be prone to giving false signals. Therefore, you should incorporate an approach that will allow you to isolate as many false signals as possible, increasing your Win-Loss ratio. In this next section, we will discuss some of the way you can use the RSI tool in combination with price action to increase your chances of a winning trade. Entering RSI Price Action Trade.

You would look to open your trade when you find a RSI signal confirming the direction. However, you will also confirm the price direction with a price action pattern. This could be a candlestick pattern or a chart pattern, as well as a trend line, channel, ascending or descending tops and bottoms, etc. Stop Loss on RSI Price Action Trade. The stop loss order should be positioned according to the basic RSI rules we discussed above. When you identify the turning point on the chart, you should place your stop above that most recent swing. Taking Profit on RSI Price Action Trade. When you see, an opposite signal coming from the RSI, you should close your trade on the assumption that the price action is likely to reverse. However, if you spot a price action clue that provides evidence for the end of the price move, you should also take that into consideration for closing the trade. Let’s take a look at a chart that illustrates RSI used in combination with price action trading: In the above image, we are looking at the H4 chart of the USDCAD. The image illustrates 5 trade setups based on RSI signals combined with price action. The first trade comes after the initial price decrease. The RSI enters the oversold area and creates a bullish divergence as well. At the same time, the price action breaks a Falling Wedge in bullish direction.

So, we have a bullish price action signal and two bullish RSI signals. Therefore, you could buy the USDCAD placing a stop loss below the bottom created at the time of the wedge breakout. The price enters a consolidation afterwards creating the blue triangle on the chart. The triangle breaks through the lower level creating an exit signal. However, the bearish triangle breakout appears to be a false signal. The USDCAD reverses and breaks the triangle upwards. Therefore, you can use this event to reopen your bullish trade placing a stop loss order below the created bottom under the blue triangle. A closing signal appears when the RSI line enters the overbought area. Now we see the RSI line enters the overbought area. It breaks out afterwards and the line starts decreasing. However, the price action is still increasing, which creates a bearish divergence. At the same time, an Expanding Triangle is formed on the chart.

The triangle has bearish potential and the breakout through its lower level should be used as an entry signal for a short trade. The stop loss of the trade should be positioned above the top of the Expanding Triangle. The position should be closed when the RSI line enters the oversold area. Now that the RSI enters the oversold area, we get a new bullish signal. However, a bullish price action signal is needed as well. Fortunately, another Expanding Triangle appears on the chart that has bullish potential. Also, take note that the end of the triangle meets a support area (black) which indicates the potential bottom below the blue triangle. This increases the chances that the price will initiate a bullish move. Therefore, you could open a long trade when the price breaks the Expanding Triangle upwards.

The stop loss on the trade should be positioned below the bottom of the Expanding Triangle. You could exit the trade when the RSI enters the overbought area. The RSI line keeps bouncing in and out of the overbought area. In the meantime, the price action creates a range, which could be seen in the black channel on the chart. You could open a short trade at the moment when the price action breaks the range downwards. Then you should place a stop loss order above the top of the range. Your trade should be closed when the RSI enters the oversold area. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) was developed by J. Welles Wilder and it is considered a leading technical indicator (oscillator). The indicator consists of a single line, which moves between three zones: Overbought Zone: 70-100 Oversold Zone: 0-30 Neutral Zone: 30-70 The default RSI settings is 14-period. There are two formulas used to calculate the RSI value: RSI = (100 – (100 (1 + RS))) RS = (14 EMA on the last 14 up bars) (14 EMA on the last 14 down bars) There are three basic signals coming from the RSI Forex indicator: RSI Overbought Signal – The RSI line is in the 70-100 area. RSI Oversold Signal – The RSI lien is in the 0-30 area.

RSI Divergence Bullish RSI divergence – The price is decreasing while the RSI line is increasing. Bearish RSI divergence – The price is increasing while the RSI line is decreasing. The Relative Strength Index is built in the MetaTrader4 forex platform. You can add it to your chart by going to Insert > Indicators >Oscillators > Relative Strength Index. The basic RSI trading strategy involves these rules: Enter a trade when you get an RSI signal on the chart – overbought, oversold, or divergence. Enter in the direction of the signal. Put a stop loss order beyond the topbottom created at the moment of the reversal. Stay in the trade until the RSI gives you an opposite signal. The RSI indicator is not great as a standalone tool and can give many false signals. Therefore, you should add another tool or study on the chart to filter fake signals. A good way to do this is by using price action rules and chart analysis. Take Your Trading to the Next Level, Accelerate Your Learning Curve with my Free Forex Training Program. Open a demo account to fine tune your trade strategies. Apply for a live account now and you could be trading in minutes. Trading involves significant risk of loss.

New to trading or to OANDA? Learn the basics here. TOOLS AND STRATEGIES. Develop your trading strategy and learn to use trading tools for market analysis. Learn to apply risk management tools to preserve your capital. Learn the skills necessary to open, modify and close trades, and the basic features of our trading platform. TECHNICAL AND FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS. A trading strategy can offer benefits such as consistency of positive outcomes, and error minimization. An optimal trading strategy reflects the trader’s objective and personal approach. Fundamental traders watch interest rates, employment reports, and other economic indicators trying to forecast market trends. Technical analysts track historical prices, and traded volumes in an attempt to identify market trends. They rely on graphs and charts to plot this information and identify repeating patterns as a means to signal future buy and sell opportunities. PROTECT YOUR CAPITAL INVESTMENT. Leveraged trading involves high risk since losses can exceed the original investment.

A capital management plan is vital to the success and survival of traders with all levels of experience. Learn risk management concepts to preserve your capital and minimize your risk exposure. Seek to understand how leveraged trading can generate larger profits or larger losses and how multiple open trades can increase your risk of an automatic margin closeout. Execution speed numbers are based on the median round trip latency measurements from receipt to response for all Market Order and Trade Close requests executed between August 1st and November 30th 2017 on the OANDA V20 execution platform, excepting MT4 initiated orders. Contracts for Difference (CFDs) or Precious Metals are NOT available to residents of the United States. MT4 hedging capabilities are NOT available to residents of the United States. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) limits leverage available to retail forex traders in the United States to 50:1 on major currency pairs and 20:1 for all others. OANDA Asia Pacific offers maximum leverage of 50:1 on FX products and limits to leverage offered on CFDs apply. Maximum leverage for OANDA Canada clients is determined by IIROC and is subject to change. For more information refer to our regulatory and financial compliance section. This is for general information purposes only - Examples shown are for illustrative purposes and may not reflect current prices from OANDA.

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It's important for you to consider the current Financial Service Guide (FSG), Product Disclosure Statement ('PDS'), Account Terms and any other relevant OANDA documents before making any financial investment decisions. These documents can be found here. OANDA Japan Co., Ltd. First Type I Financial Instruments Business Director of the Kanto Local Financial Bureau (Kin-sho) No. 2137 Institute Financial Futures Association subscriber number 1571. RSI: King of Indicators. Although it may sound counter-intuitive, typical use of Forex indicators can actually cause an inexperienced trader to lose money, rather than make money. However, if you are going to use one, the best Forex indicator is the RSI (Relative Strength Indicator) because it reflects momentum, and it is well established that following Forex momentum can give you a winning edge. The RSI is a Forex momentum indicator, and it is the best momentum indicator. If you are going to use the RSI, the best way to use it is to trade long when it is showing above 50 on all time frames, or short if below 50 on all time frames. It is best to always trade with the trend of the last 10 weeks or so. What is the RSI (Relative Strength Index)?

The Relative Strength Index formula was developed in the 1970s, like so many other technical analysis concepts. The Relative Strength Index calculation is made by calculating the ratio of upward changes per unit of time to downward changes per unit of time over the look-back period. The actual indicator calculation is more complex than we need to worry about here. What is important to understand is that if the look back period for example is 10 units of time and every single one of those 10 candles closed up, the RSI will show a number very close to 100. If every single one of those 10 candles closed down, the number will be very close to 0. If the action is completely balanced between ups and downs, the RSI indicator will show 50. The Relative Strength Index definition is as a momentum oscillator. It shows whether the bulls or bears are winning over the look-back period, which can be adjusted by the user. Relative Strength Index Technical Analysis. The RSI indicator is typically used in forecasting and trading strategies in the following ways: When the RSI is over 70, it should be expected to fall. A fall below 70 from above 70 is taken as confirmation that the price is beginning a move down. When the RSI is under 30, it should be expected to rise.

A rise above 30 from below 30 is taken as confirmation that the price is beginning a move up. When the RSI crosses above 50 from below 50, it is taken as a signal that the price is beginning a move up. When the RSI crosses below 50 from above 50, it is taken as a signal that the price is beginning a move down. What is the Best Way to Use the RSI? The third and fourth methods described above regarding the cross of the 50 level, are generally superior to the first and second methods concerning 30 and 70. That is because better long-term profits can be made in Forex by following trends than by expecting prices to always bounce back to where they were: just be careful not to move stop losses to break even too quickly. This is a point worth expanding – whether to follow trends, or “fade” them by trading against them. There is a lot of old-fashioned trading advice on the subject, most of which was developed in the pre-1971 era when currency exchange rates were not floating, but fixed by pegs to gold or other currencies. In this era, trading was conducted mostly in stocks or, to a lesser extent, in commodities. It is a fact that stocks and commodities tend to show a markedly different price behavior from the exchange rates of Forex currency pairs – stocks and commodities trend more often, are more volatile, and have longer and stronger trends than Forex currency pairs, which have a stronger tendency to revert to a mean. This means that when trading Forex, most of the time, using the RSI to trade against directional moves by using the methods 1. and 2. described above, will work more often but will make less profit overall than using methods 3. and 4. to follow trends by trading in the direction of the prevailing strong trend, when such a trend exists. Although it might seem attractive to try to win smaller amounts more often and use money management to compound winnings quickly, it is much harder to build a profitable mean reversion model than it is to build a profitable trend-following model, even when trading Forex currency pairs. The best way to trade crosses of the 50 level is by using the indicator on multiple time frames of the same currency pair. Multiple Time Frame Cross of the 50 Level. Open multiple charts of the same currency pair on several time frames: weekly, daily, H4, all the way down. Open the RSI indicator on all the charts and make sure the 50 level is marked. Practically all charting programs or software includes the RSI so it should not be difficult.

A good look back period to use in this indicator is 10. It is also important that the look back period is the same on all the different time frame charts. If you can find a currency pair where all the higher time frames are either above or below 50, and the lower time frame is the other side of 50, then you can wait for the lower time frame to cross back over the 50 and open a trade in the direction of the long-term trend. The higher or lower the RSI value is, the better the trade is likely to be. It is an iron law of the markets that strong trends are more likely than not to keep going, and that a retracement that then turns back around tends to move nicely in the direction of the trend. This method is an intelligent way to use an indicator: it identifies retracements within strong trends, and tells you when the retracement is likely to be ending. An example is shown below using the AUDUSD currency pair in several time frames, with the RSI indicator set to a look back period of 10. It is below 50 on the weekly, daily, and 4-hour time frames, and is just crossing from above 50 to below 50 on the 5 minute time frame. This could be interpreted as a signal for a short trade. There is no reason why this cannot be combined with other strategies such as support and resistance, moving average crossovers, time of day etc. It can also be used as a day trading strategy when you are prepared to drop down to low enough time frames.


  • How to use relative strength index in forex